Confucius & Lao Tzu – In this scene from the movie Confucius (2010) – Confucius speaks to Lao Tzu and the old master gives some precious advice to the younger one. In one minute – the essence of daoism and confucianism.
Confucius (551–479 BC) was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history.
The philosophy of Confucius emphasized personal and governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice and sincerity. His followers competed successfully with many other schools during the Hundred Schools of Thought era only to be suppressed in favor of the Legalists during the Qin Dynasty. Following the victory of Han over Chu after the collapse of Qin, Confucius’s thoughts received official sanction and were further developed into a system known as Confucianism.
Confucius is traditionally credited with having authored or edited many of the Chinese classic texts including all of the Five Classics, but modern scholars are cautious of attributing specific assertions to Confucius himself. Aphorisms concerning his teachings were compiled in the Analects, but only many years after his death.
Confucius’s principles had a basis in common Chinese tradition and belief. He championed strong family loyalty, ancestor worship, respect of elders by their children (and in traditional interpretations) of husbands by their wives. He also recommended family as a basis for ideal government. He espoused the well-known principle “Do not do to others what you do not want done to yourself”, an early version of the Golden Rule. Wikipedia
The superior man is modest in his speech, but exceeds in his actions.
The superior man…does not set his mind either for anything, or against anything; what is right he will follow.
They must often change, who would be constant in happiness or wisdom.
Three ways we learn wisdom: by reflection – the noblest; by imitation – the easiest; by experience – the bitterest.
To be wronged is nothing unless you continue to remember it.
To learn and then to practise opportunely what one has learned – does not this bring a sense of satisfaction?
To see what is right, and not to do it, is want of courage or of principle.
What you do not want done to yourself, do not do to others.
When anger rises, think of the consequences.
When it is obvious that the goals cannot be reached, don’t adjust the goals, adjust the action steps.
When we see men of a contrary character, we should turn inwards and examine ourselves.
Wheresoever you go, go with all your heart.
Wherever you go, go with all your heart.