Aristotle (384 BC – 322 BC) was a Greek philosopher and polymath, a student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great. His writings cover many subjects, including physics, metaphysics, poetry, theater, music, logic, rhetoric, linguistics, politics, government, ethics, biology, and zoology. Together with Plato and Socrates (Plato’s teacher), Aristotle is one of the most important founding figures in Western philosophy. Aristotle’s writings were the first to create a comprehensive system of Western philosophy, encompassing ethics, aesthetics, logic, science, politics, and metaphysics.
Aristotle’s views on the physical sciences profoundly shaped medieval scholarship, and their influence extended well into the Renaissance, although they were ultimately replaced by Newtonian physics. In the zoological sciences, some of his observations were confirmed to be accurate only in the 19th century. His works contain the earliest known formal study of logic, which was incorporated in the late 19th century into modern formal logic.
In metaphysics, Aristotelianism had a profound influence on philosophical and theological thinking in the Islamic and Jewish traditions in the Middle Ages, and it continues to influence Christian theology, especially the scholastic tradition of the Catholic Church.
His ethics, though always influential, gained renewed interest with the modern advent of virtue ethics. All aspects of Aristotle’s philosophy continue to be the object of active academic study today. Though Aristotle wrote many elegant treatises and dialogues (Cicero described his literary style as “a river of gold”), it is thought that the majority of his writings are now lost and only about one-third of the original works have survived.Wikipedia
Edited by Richard McKeon, with an introduction by C.D.C. Reeve Preserved by Arabic mathematicians and canonized by Christian scholars, Aristotle’s works have shaped Western thought, science, and religion for nearly two thousand years. Richard McKeon’s The Basic W...
The Oxford Translation of Aristotle was originally published in 12 volumes between 1912 and 1954. It is universally recognized as the standard English version of Aristotle. This revised edition contains the substance of the original Translation, slightly emended in ligh...
Building on the strengths of the first edition, the second edition of the Irwin Nicomachean Ethics features a revised translation (with little editorial intervention), expanded notes (including a summary of the argument of each chapter), an expanded Introduction, and a ...
More than two thousand years ago, Aristotle established unique standards of philosophic inquiry, observation, and judgment. This book offers a contemporary reevaluation of the philosophy of the master of Western thought, and shows his vital, continuing influence in our ...
A friend is a single soul dwelling in two bodies.
All men by nature desire to know.
Choice, not chance, determines your destiny.
Criticism is something you can easily avoid by saying nothing, doing nothing, and being nothing.
Dignity consists not in possessing honours, but in the consciousness that we deserve them.
Education is an ornament in prosperity and a refuge in adversity.
Education is the best provision for the journey to old age.
Even when laws have been written down, they ought not always to remain unaltered.
Happiness depends upon ourselves.
Happiness is a state of activity.
Happiness is the meaning and the purpose of life, the whole aim and end of human existence.
I count him braver who overcomes his desires than him who overcomes his enemies.
In all things of nature there is something of the marvellous.
It is in justice that the ordering of society is cantered.
It is the mark of an educated mind to be able to entertain a thought without accepting it.
Knowing yourself is the beginning of all wisdom.
Law is order, and good law is good order.
Nature does nothing uselessly.
Pleasure in the job puts perfection in the work.
The gods too are fond of a joke.
The only stable state is the one in which all men are equal before the law.
The proof that you know something is that you are able to teach it.
The soul never thinks without a picture.
There was never a genius without a tincture of madness.
To enjoy the things we ought and to hate the things we ought has the greatest bearing on excellence of character.
We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence, therefore, is not an act but a habit.
Well begun is half done.
What it lies in our power to do, it lies in our power not to do.